In late 2013, Exxon Mobil faced increasing pressure from investors to disclose more about the risks the company faced as governments began limiting greenhouse gas emissions. Of the many costs climate change will impose, oil companies face a particularly acute one: the demand for their product will have to shrink.
For years, Exxon had been using something called a proxy cost of carbon to estimate what stricter climate policies might mean for its bottom line. But as pressure from shareholders grew, a problem came sharply into focus: Aninternal presentation warnedtop executives that the way the company had been applying this proxy cost was potentially misleading. That’s because Exxon didn’t have one projected cost of carbon. It had two.
SCIENTIFIC NAME:Setophaga coronata POPULATION: 150 million TREND: Increasing HABITAT: Breeds in coniferous and mixed forests; winters in a variety of open and second-growth habitats.
The Yellow-rumped Warbler is one of the most widespread and well-known warblers in North America. Birders affectionately refer to this species as “butter-butt,” since its bright yellow rump is an eye-catching and diagnostic field mark throughout the year. Adults also have a yellow crown patch, most obvious in adult males. This bird’s species name, coronata, means crowned.
North America is home to two migratory Yellow-rumped Warbler groups that are sometimes considered separate species: the “Myrtle” Warbler of eastern and far-northwestern North America and the “Audubon’s” Warbler of the West. The two groups hybridize where their ranges meet in southwestern Canada, and were combined into a single species in 1973, named the Yellow-rumped Warbler.
PLANET EARTH FLOWERS
PLANET EARTH LANDSCAPES
PLANET EARTH IN BLACK AND WHITE
PLANET EARTH OUR HOME
PLANET EARTH BUTTERFLIES, BEES, BUGS, AND INSECTS
PLANET EARTH ARCHITECTURE
PLANET EARTH ANIMALS/BIRDS
PLANET EARTH SUNRISE SUNSETS
PLANET EARTH UNDERWATER
PLANET EARTH REFLECTIONS
PLANET EARTH BACK IN THE DAY
PLANET EARTH VINTAGE ADVERTISING
PLANET EARTH IN PANORAMA
PLANET EARTH BIRD WORLD
PLANET EARTH VINTAGE ARCHITECTURE
PLANET EARTH IN BOKEH AND DOF
PLANET EARTH URBAN LANDSCAPES
PLANET EARTH MOUNTAINS
PLANET EARTH WEATHER
PLANET EARTH AGRICULTURE
PLANET EARTH TRAINS AND RAILROADS
PLANET EARTH WILDLIFE AND NATURE
PLANET EARTH MACRO WORLD
PLANET EARTH 100 YEAR CLUB
PLANET EARTH IN SILHOUETTES
PLANET EARTH IN SEPIA
PLANET EARTH IN HDR
PLANET EARTH NIGHT LIGHTS
PLANET EARTH FIELD GUIDE TO AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE
PLANET EARTH HORSES
PLANET EARTH ON BLACK
PLANET EARTH TRANSPORTATION
Displaced Syrians, who fled their homes in the border town of Ras al-Ain, receive humanitarian aid on October 12, 2019, in the town of Tal Tamr in the countryside of Syria’s northeastern Hasakeh province.
Among the immediate protection needs which have been identified are the lack of civil documentation, as people left their homes without papers and other belongings. Families have also been separated.
Some people are in need of psychological first aid and psychosocial support. UNHCR mobilized protection teams to identify critical protection needs of the most vulnerable, including people with specific needs, elderly people and those with disabilities and serious medical conditions.
Cause for Hope: We’re On Track to Move Beyond Coal:
If you’re alarmed or distressed by the major new climate findings released this week, I have good news to restore your hope and pull you back from the edge of despair. But first, in case you missed the headlines, the major scientific analysis released this weekend by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a staggering wake-up call to action on climate.
When we do that, we will not only maintain America’s leadership in the world but also continue the shift in the marketplace toward clean, renewable energy, which is already accessible and cheaper than coal in places all over the country and the globe. Getting off of coal and fossil fuels doesn’t just help curb the climate crisis, it saves lives and saves money by cutting toxic pollution from coal plants that makes people sick and drives up medical costs.