SCIENTIFIC NAME:Campephilus principalis POPULATION: Unknown IUCN STATUS: Critically Endangered TREND: Probably extinct HABITAT: Hardwood swamps and pine forests.
The largest of its tribe in the United States, the impressive Ivory-billed Woodpecker was also called the “Lord God Bird,” after the typical reaction of people who saw it swoop into view. This charismatic species inhabited untouched bottomlands and swamps that once stretched across the southeastern United States.
The Ivory-billed Woodpecker was never a common bird, since it depended upon enormous, unbroken expanses of southern swamps providing the space and food it needed to thrive. Once its habitat began to disappear due to uncontrolled logging, the woodpecker became increasingly scarce. It was frequently shot by hunters and collectors, which likely contributed to its disappearance.
Māui and Hector’s dolphin proposals not fit for extinction crisis.
We must ban all gill netting and trawling from Māui habitat out to 100 metres immediately, but why aren’t the same protections being offered for Hector’s dolphins? We know they are dying by the dozen in fishing nets but there is no equivalent proposal to stop those methods in Hector’s habitat.
Male Canyon Wrens songs are composed of clear, descending notes – almost sounding as if the bird is tumbling headfirst into a chasm. Chances are good that a Canyon Wren that’s singing persistently and acting territorial is a male. The female sings much less frequently, usually in response to a male’s song; her song is buzzy and ascending.
Many think this species’ tumbling, echoing notes formone of the West’s most beautiful bird songs. Both males and females sing, although their tunes sound a bit different.
SCIENTIFIC NAME:Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus POPULATION: 3.1 million in United States; Mexican population likely as large. TREND: Decreasing HABITAT: Resident in desert and arid scrublands from the southwestern United States to central Mexico.
The Cactus Wren is the largest wren found in the United States — about the size of a Spotted Towhee. Its curious nature and loud, chattering calls make this bird one of the most well-known species of the southwestern desert.
The Cactus Wren’s genus name Campylorhynchus derives from the Greek words for “curved beak.” Its species name brunneicapillus is formed from the Latin words for “brown” and “hair,” referring to this bird’s brown cap and back.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Buteo lineatus POPULATION: 1.6 million TREND: Stable HABITAT: Deciduous or mixed forests, often near clearings and water; swamps.
The Red-shouldered Hawk is named for its reddish upper wing coverts, or shoulders. The lineatus in its name means “striped” in Latin, referring to its black-and-white-banded tail and finely barred reddish breast. Another distinctive field mark: translucent wing crescents, or “windows,” near the base of the wingtips, visible when the bird soars or glides overhead.
This attractive raptor is smaller and slimmer than the more widespreadRed-tailed Hawk,almost resembling an accipiter such as theCooper’s Hawk.