SCIENTIFIC NAME:Icterus northropi POPULATION: Fewer than 300 individuals. IUCN STATUS: Critically Endangered TREND: Decreasing HABITAT: Broadleaf and pine forests and edges; will use human-altered habitats.
The dashing Bahama Oriole has shiny black plumage and bright lemon-yellow on its belly, wings, and rump. Unlike the relatedBaltimore Oriole, male and female Bahama Orioles are very similar in appearance. Found only on the Andros Islands in the Bahamas, fewer than 300 individuals are thought to remain.
SCIENTIFIC NAME:Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus POPULATION: 3.1 million in United States; Mexican population likely as large. TREND: Decreasing HABITAT: Resident in desert and arid scrublands from the southwestern United States to central Mexico.
The Cactus Wren is the largest wren found in the United States — about the size of a Spotted Towhee. Its curious nature and loud, chattering calls make this bird one of the most well-known species of the southwestern desert.
The Cactus Wren’s genus name Campylorhynchus derives from the Greek words for “curved beak.” Its species name brunneicapillus is formed from the Latin words for “brown” and “hair,” referring to this bird’s brown cap and back.
Tiny yet ferocious, the Ruby-throat weighs less than a nickel and can fly nonstop across the Gulf of Mexico.
It’s easy to mistake a Ruby-throated Hummingbird for a bee at first glance. Their wings beat 60 to 80 times a second, and like the Mangrove Hummingbird and other hummingbird species, become a blur of motion.