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SCIENTIFIC NAME: Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
POPULATION: 3.1 million in United States; Mexican population likely as large.
HABITAT: Resident in desert and arid scrublands from the southwestern United States to central Mexico.
The Cactus Wren is the largest wren found in the United States — about the size of a Spotted Towhee. Its curious nature and loud, chattering calls make this bird one of the most well-known species of the southwestern desert.
The Cactus Wren’s genus name Campylorhynchus derives from the Greek words for “curved beak.” Its species name brunneicapillus is formed from the Latin words for “brown” and “hair,” referring to this bird’s brown cap and back.