SCIENTIFIC NAME:Eulidia yarrellii POPULATION: 350-500 individuals IUCN STATUS: Endangered TREND: Decreasing HABITAT: Native scrub in Chilean desert river valleys.
The beautiful Chilean Woodstar is a tiny hummingbird, only the size of a large moth. At around 3 inches long, it’s the smallest bird in Chile. The species has a very small distribution, too, and is as endangered as its close relative, theEsmeraldas Woodstarof Ecuador.
Habitat lossis the key factor behind the species’ decline from at least 1,500 birds in 2003 to roughly 400 birds in 2012 — a loss of more than 80 percent.