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SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thalurania watertonii
POPULATION: 1,000 – 2,500
IUCN STATUS: Endangered
HABITAT: Lowland humid forests, plantations, and parks
Like its mythological namesake, the beautiful Long-tailed Woodnymph is a creature of forests — in this case, eastern Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, a tremendously diverse habitat home to hundreds of bird species. Many of these, including Seven-colored Tanager, Banded Cotinga, and Pin-tailed Manakin, are found nowhere else.
The endangered Long-tailed Woodnymph is just one of many of Brazil’s birds that are threatened by habitat loss as forests give way to sugarcane fields, coffee plantations, and other agriculture.