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SCIENTIFIC NAME: Colinus virginianus
POPULATION: 5.8 million
HABITAT: Old fields and hedgerows, grasslands, open forests
Also known as Virginia quail or bobwhite quail, the Northern Bobwhite is native to the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean. The clear, whistled “bobwhite” call was once a common sound throughout the birds’ range. It’s much more rare today; populations plunged between 1966 and 2014, resulting in an overall decline of 85 percent, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey.